Definitions

Defining Terms

The biological literature about evolution amounts to thousands of books and papers published every year. There is also a significantly smaller number of publications by Thomists who try to show how evolutionary theory may be reconciled with Thomistic philosophy. But the common problem of both Thomistic and non-Thomistic literature is a lack of clear and […]

Intelligent Design

The best place to find a correct definition of intelligent design is on the website created by the authors of this theory. Most of the critique filed against ID is based on “straw man” fallacies because it operates on an incorrect understanding of ID. Also, many Thomists accept a caricature of this theory propagated by […]

Biological Evolution

Evolution may be considered as a process occurring either in nature or in culture. In culture it is evolution of laws, languages, customs, arts, political systems, etc. In sum, evolution in culture applies to the changes in the sphere created by rational and typically human activity. And this is not the type of evolution we […]

Microevolution

Microevolution is a process of change that is quite well documented by biological sciences. It involves adaptive changes in living beings that may happen because of various factors. These may include genetic mutations. One example is the resistance of bacteria to antibiotics which is produced through random mutations and natural selection. This kind of evolution […]

Macroevolution

Macroevolution, as typically understood, consists of three grand claims: First, that all organisms share common ancestry, i.e., all species, whether extant or extinct, branched out from one or a few ancestors in a distant past. This also means that all living beings are connected by the process of natural biological generation. Second, that the transformation […]

Species

Evolutionists (such as Darwin and his followers) deny the existence of species or maintain that it is impossible to define species. But if this were the case, how could a book on the origin of species (including Darwin’s own work) make any sense? In fact evolutionists are incoherent in their adoption of the notion of […]

Macroevolution and Darwinism

We said before that biological macroevolution comprises three grand claims about the biological realm. All three tell us “what would happen if evolution worked long enough”. These three grand claims describe the supposed effects of evolution rather than a mechanism or the way how evolution happens. We should therefore distinguish between the supposed effects of […]

Theistic Evolution

Biological macroevolution is a scientific theory aimed at explaining the origin of species. Many Christian scholars after Darwin asked if biological macroevolution is compatible with the Christian faith. Those who answered in a positive way never challenged the theory itself. Instead, they came up with the idea that God used evolution to produce species. Evolution […]

Creation

Aquinas defines creation as not a change, but a simple emanation of being out of nothing. A thing may start to exist in two ways, either by creation or by a change, such as mutation, generation, or any type of movement. But creation has no movement. It is not a process. It is a simple […]

Young Earth Creationism

Young earth creationism includes two basic tenets. The first tenet is that creation happened exactly according to the Biblical account. This means that species were created separately and no macroevolution took place. The second tenet is that the time-line of the natural history of the universe should be derived from the genealogies given in the […]

Progressive Creation

Progressive creation (PC), frequently known as old earth creationism (OEC), agrees with YEC regarding the historical interpretation of Genesis 1–3. Progressive creation also rejects macroevolution as an explanation for the origin of species. However, according to progressive creation the literal and historical interpretation of Genesis does not preclude the concept of “deep time.” The Biblical […]

“Evolutionary Creation”

“Evolutionary creation” is promoted by theistic (and Thomistic) evolutionists when they in fact mean theistic evolution. They believe that by putting together two contradictory terms they overcome the contradiction, or at least make theistic evolution less repulsive to traditional believers. But creation cannot be evolutionary, and evolution cannot be creative (in the theological sense), for […]

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